The Cylinder Archive [www.cylinder.de] release for July 2009: An early rendition of John Philip Sousa's El Capitan March. Recorded for the Columbia Phonograph Company of New York & Paris.
Exact dating of brown wax cylinders can be difficult to impossible. The current research status gives likely the date of late-1897 to early 1898, just before the Band's director William H. Santelmann became its new director. The previous director Francesco Fanciulli was not accepted for re-enlistment after the Memorial Day Parade incident where he refused to play marches by Sousa, despite a given order. El Capitan was one of Sousa's brand new compositions written in 1896.